How Cummins «rejuvenates» KAMAZ

0
4
views

Construction dump truck KAMAZ-65115 for many years has been an undisputed leader in the market of dump truck. And although the age of this model of the Kama Automobile Plant is already two decades, he is not going to retire.

Today, this construction dump truck is experiencing «second youth.» And that’s why.

If you look at the genealogy of this 15-ton dump truck with the wheel formula 6×4, then in fact he became the top of the evolution of the «classic» Kamaz. First, as you know, the main dump truck of the USSR was KAMAZ-5511, then a family of 13-ton sumps KAMAZ-55111 appeared. The 15-tonner of KAMAZ-65115 has been produced since 1998, and can be characterized by the Kovintessna Kamaz classics.

A small load on the axis is characteristic of the dump truck: 6.2 tons on the front axle and 19 tons per leading rear cart. Today it is a multi-purpose car, there are several add-ons on his chassis, so it is used by a variety of enterprises of different sectors of the economy: concrete mixers, the body for the carriage of bulk agricultural goods, the platform with KMU, the usual dumping superstructure is not a complete list.

The listing of all the advantages of this car is not included in the task of this material. We will only focus on what helps this dump truck to be «on the edge» of unfavorable market demand.

As you know, in the last decade, KAMAZ created several joint ventures with foreign manufacturers of aggregates. JV «Kamminz Kama» one of them. And today it gives its effect. A 6-cylinder engine Cumminsisb 6.7i 9-speed Box ZF 9S1310 is installed on the most massive model of the three-way construction dump truck. Both the engine and the box are localized and manufactured at joint ventures located immediately in Naberezhnye Chelny.

However, for the first time, Cummins engines appeared on Kamaza more than 10 years ago. These were the motors of the developing capacity of 285 hp With torque 970 N.M. Later there were 300-strong motors and an increased torque of 1100 N.M.

In 2018, the joint venture «Kamminz Kama» launched the production of a new configuration ISB6.7E5 310 with an increased torque of 1200 N · m.

Today, the main consumer of «Cammins» inline six-cylinder engines tribised dump truck KAMAZ-65111. Also, they are installed on the KAMAZ-65117 trucks and the KAMAZ-65116 chassis and a number of other models, including non-FAZ-5299 buses

According to the KAMAZ production plan in 2019 with the Motor Cummins will take off the conveyors of 25% of Kama trucks.

Prior to the devaluation of the national currency in 2014, the share of these motors reached 38% in the overall release of KamAZ. Then 91% of KAMAZ-6511 dump trucks were released with Cummins ISBE engines. Now approximately the same share is equipped with Motors of onboard trucks of the model «65117». About 70% Share Cummins ISB at the chassis «65116».

The one and the advantages of the ranks of the ISBE in front of the KAMAZ-740 V-8 motor, even upgraded long-terrestrial — smaller mass and less fuel consumption. Specialists of the Kama Automobile Plant conducted research on the efficiency of motor use. The carrier survey showed the following: The average fuel consumption on KAMAZ-65115 performed by Euro-3 was from 36.3 to 37.9 l / 100 km with KAMAZ-740 motors and from 33.5 to 35.7 liters with Cummins ISBE 6.7. That is, an average of 7% more economical. When comparing KAMAZ-65115 dump trucks with Euro-4 engines without SCR neutralization system, the average fuel consumption with KAMAZ-740 engine exceeds consumption with the Cummins ISB 6.7 by 16%. Specifically: from «740» from 38.7 to 41.7 l / 100 km, with ISBE 6.7 — from 33.2 to 36.0 liters per 100 km.

For the period from the beginning of production, more than 75 thousand Motors of the V. Cummins ISB 6.7 engines were released on the Kamminz Kama Motors, which are produced by the Localization level of about 60%. Cylinder block casting, block head and crankshaft are performed on the Foundry Kamaz plant. According to the same scheme, the flywheel is released: casting and processing «KAMAZ», imported only the crown. The technologies of processing these most important parts of Cummins ISB6.7 are mastered at Kamminz Kama. On the line, the block is performed completely: from the first to the last opening, from coarse cast iron casting to the part 100% ready for assembly. The unit is controlled by more than 3000 parameters. Similarly, the head of the cylinder block is processed. In addition, the domestic is the pallet of the crankcase, fuel equipment, etc.

The supplier for the Kamminz Kama conveyor is another local joint venture — the Federal Mogul Naberezhnye Chelny. From there they supply pistons.

The quality of localized parts and components Cummins ISB6.7 are not inferior to imported. But what is the most important, domestic production of engine parts makes it possible to optimize the cost of the motor, reduce the delivery time of components and, accordingly, production time, as well as reduce the price level of spare parts in the secondary market. This allows you to offer freight spare parts at such prices that the acquisition of non-original and the more counterfeit becomes unprofitable. At the same time, the warranty on localized components is 12 months.

This is how «Kamminz» helped rejuvenates not only the self-dump truck KAMAZ-65111.

We only add that in the spring of 2017, the solemn launch of the production of Cummins L series engines was held. Mastering the production of more powerful engines has become an important step in the development of the joint venture. 6-cylinder engines of the L series have a volume of 8.9 liters and develop the power from 300 to 400 hp. Depending on the modification. If the engines of the B series in power, mass and dimensions are suitable for cars with a full weight of up to 25 tons, then the engines L are suitable for cars with a complete mass of up to 33 tons.

Thus, the range of cummins engines of the Russian assembly significantly expanded and now covers the most massive power range, the power units from which are in demand in the production of commercial vehicles, agricultural and special equipment.