The utilization fee was introduced to protect the Russian production of cars as domestic and foreign models in 2012. At first, only the importers of the car were paid it, but after the WTO intervention (World Trade Organization), it was also distributed to Russian factories and assembly areas of foreign automakers. True, officials found a loophole in legislation and compensates 100% of the subtack by those automakers, whose assembly sites are located on the territory of the Russian Federation. That is, in the internal car market, they maintain an advantage over the overall automakers who bet on imports. Localized production is good. But with which Russian motorists can face, we tried to find an answer in this material.
The utilization collection in combination with the state-changed state policy in the field of automakers support, signed by the so-called spokes (special flows) with 14 automakers, attempts to raise localization lead to a small result. A number of automakers becomes unprofitable to work in the Russian market. We will not concern the political aspects of care, like the American concern General Motors showed, but in the Russian Federation it is already possible to buy officially new seat, ssangyong, and now there is already a popular Ford.
In November, the head of the Ministry of Industry, Denis Manturov, noted that he did not expect rising prices for the Russian-made cars due to the indexation of the subtilliba. True, at that time, compensation options for domestic producers were still discussed. At the end of December, it became known that the 100 percent subsidy for the collection was decided to cancel. In 2020, automakers will be able to be guaranteed to obtain a subsidy only half of the collection. So, most likely, cars of foreign brands and domestic cars will rise in price. The amount of utilization fee has not changed since 2018. New indexation will affect mainly passenger cars. It will grow by 46% to one liter engine to one liter, with a single-two-liter engine — by 112%, from two to three liters — by 123.5%. And on machines with an engine from 3.5 liters, the utilization collection will grow by 145%.
All this will lead to an increase in retail prices, especially on imports, the CEO of Vector Market Research Dmitry Chumakov is confident. «If we talk about compensation for the disposal collection, it applies to the production that meet the established levels of localization. A part that will be shifted on the shoulders of the buyer, this is definitely a solution to manufacturers, but I think it will be measured by several tens of thousands of rubles. «
The Japanese subaru has already warned that it will increase the cost of its cars in Russia. Since the new year, recommended retail prices will increase by 3-6% depending on the model and configuration. Also about similar plans, BMW, Volvo and others said.
However, domestic motorists are already accustomed to the growth of the price tag, they do not surprise. But here it turns out one interesting detail. Due to the increase in the recycling rates of the recycling collection, we may not get there many interesting novelties.
The other day, the main Russian newspaper reported that the new Mazda CX-30 crossover with a large probability would not appear in Russia in 2020. As the source in the Japanese company told the «RG», due to the increase in the recycling rates, bring this model to our country is not planned yet. However, he did not exclude that the situation could change.
Recall that this car was planned to export from Japan. No local assembly in the territory of the Russian Federation was originally planned for him. Judging by the FTS, which the crossover received not so long ago, if the CX-30 will still get to us, then only with one motor will be available. We are talking about a 2-liter atmospheric engine SkyActiv-G with a capacity of 150 hp The power unit works in a pair with six-speed «mechanics» and «automatic». Car drive — front or full.
The new crossover is a very stylish and interesting car, created on the basis of the Hatchback Mazda 3 of the new generation. CX-30 stands on the step below the CX-5 localized in Russia, whose price begins with 1 million 595 thousand rubles. But considering the lack of localization of Mazda CX-30 can not be cheaper than CX-5.
And here we see that the expansion of the model range of the Japanese brand resumes the price factor. So, the Russian motorist does not see a new and interesting model. Yes, and considering that interest in the crossover will not be as an older model, to invest in the organization of this model Mazda is simply unprofitable.
Today, our car market contains 259 car models. Once in obese pre-crisis times, their number reached more than 350. The choice was colossal. But now interesting models are gradually washed out of the model rows, and the new products are circidle our market.
Look, today the number of pickups sold in the salons of official autodiels can be calculated to be flexing only one hand. We have extremely few minivans. These single units are extremely rare class on our roads. The kids are measured class A, also not more than a dozen models. It is possible to further list those types and models that drive around the Russian Federation. Automakers say that the crisis does it prevent them from keeping a decent gamut in their salons.
So in the end you can consider a pessimistic forecast. Step by step will come to the fact that there will be several dominant automakers in the market, localized their production here. Each of which has several models in the palette. But then there will be no speech about the latitude of choice.